The legislative branch drafts proposed laws, confirms or rejects presidential nominations for heads of federal agencies, federal judges, and the Supreme Court, and has the authority to declare war. This branch includes Congress (the Senate and House of Representatives) and special agencies and offices that provide support services to Congress. American citizens have the right to vote for Senators and Representatives through free, confidential ballots.
Congress is composed of two parts:
- —There are two elected Senators per state, totaling 100 Senators. A Senate term is six years and there is no limit to the number of terms an individual can serve.
- —There are 435 elected Representatives, which are divided among the 50 states in proportion to their total population. There are additional non-voting delegates who represent the District of Columbia and the territories. A Representative serves a two-year term, and there is no limit to the number of terms an individual can serve.
Legislative Branch Agencies
The legislative branch includes Congress and the agencies that support its work.
- Architect of the Capitol
- Congressional Budget Office
- Congressional Research Service
- Copyright Office
- Government Accountability Office
- Government Publishing Office
- House Office of Inspector General
- House Office of the Clerk
- Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies
- Library of Congress
- Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access Commission
- Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
- Office of Compliance
- Open World Leadership Center
- Stennis Center for Public Service
- U.S. Botanic Garden
- U.S. Capitol Police
- U.S. Capitol Visitor Center
- U.S. House of Representatives
- U.S. Senate