- Paid Leave for Many Workers Due to Coronavirus
- Discrimination and Harassment at Your Job
- Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)
- Minimum Wage, Overtime, and Misclassification
- Unsafe Workplace Complaints and Conditions
- Workers' Compensation for Illness or Injury on the Job
- Wrongful Discharge/Termination of Employment
Discrimination, harassment, and unfair treatment in the workplace by anyone because of:
Sex (including gender identity, transgender status, and sexual orientation)
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtNational origin
Age (40 or older)
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtGenetic information
Being denied reasonable workplace accommodations for disability or religious beliefs
Retaliation because they:
Complained about job discrimination
Helped with an investigation or lawsuit
Filing a Complaint with State or Local Government or Tribal Employment Rights Office
To file a complaint, contact your .
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtMany state and local governments have their own anti-discrimination laws. These laws may offer extra protections beyond federal laws.
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtSome state laws:
Apply to businesses with only five or six employees
Prohibit discrimination based on whether you're married or have children
Have different deadlines for filing a charge
Have different standards for deciding whether you’re covered by them
Many state laws have more protections for nursing mothers than federal law requires. enforce these laws.
Filing a Lawsuit
If you're a victim of job discrimination or harassment, you can . If the discrimination violates federal law, you must first file a charge with the EEOC. (This doesn't apply to cases of unequal pay between men and women.)
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtYou may decide to sue if the EEOC can’t help you. In either case, look for an attorney who specializes in employment law. You can check with:
Not All Employers Are Subject to EEOC Laws
This number varies based on the type of employer and the kind of discrimination alleged.
Businesses, state, and local governments must follow most EEOC laws if they have 15 or more employees.
Federal agencies must follow all EEOC laws, no matter how many employees they have.
Laws that the EEOC Enforces
Federal employment discrimination laws include:
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốt (ADA) – prohibiting discrimination against workers with disabilities and mandating reasonable accommodations
(Title VII) – prohibiting discrimination based on:
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtSex (including sexual orientation and gender identity). Learn more about for LGBTQ workers. These protections apply regardless of any contrary state or local laws.
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốt (EPA) – requiring equal pay for equal work by men and women
is unwelcome conduct based on:
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtNational origin
It can include:
Physical assaults or threats
Ridicule or insults
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtDisplay of offensive objects or pictures
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtUnwelcome sexual advances
Requests for sexual favors
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtOther verbal or physical harassment of a sexual nature
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtOffensive remarks about a person's sex
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtHarassment becomes illegal when:
It creates a hostile or abusive work environment
The victim gets fired or demoted for refusing to put up with it
Protection from Retaliation
EEOC laws protect employees and job applicants from . For example, it’s unlawful to punish people for:
Filing or being a witness in an EEO charge or investigation
Talking to a supervisor or manager about discrimination or harassment
Refusing to follow orders that would result in discrimination
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtResisting sexual advances, or intervening to protect others
Situations Included Under FMLA
- Caring for a qualifying sick family member
- The birth or adoption of a child
- Military caregiving or other emergencies related to a family member's active duty service
This unpaid leave is guaranteed by law and is available to workers at companies with 50 or more employees. can help you understand your rights and coverage.
Questions or Reporting a Violation of the FMLA
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtIf you have unanswered questions about the FMLA or you believe someone has violated your rights under FMLA, for assistance.
Employer Responsibilities Under FMLA
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtEmployers with FMLA eligible employees have specific under the law. Learn by the FMLA.
If you are an employer with concerns about false FMLA leave, with any questions about FMLA compliance and seek the advice of your company's legal and human resources departments.administers and enforces some of the nation's most comprehensive labor laws. They include:
The federal minimum wage is the lowest legal hourly pay for many workers. Tipped employees may have a different wage.
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtThe minimum wage is $7.25 per hour for as of July 24, 2009. Learn more about the minimum wage in the .
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtMany states and cities also have minimum wage laws. Where federal and state laws have different rates, the higher wage applies. and its .
Contact your with questions about minimum wage.
An employer may require or permit a worker to work . The states that workers who clock more than 40 hours per week are to get overtime pay. There are few exceptions to this rule.
- for overtime pay guidance.
- Visit the for exemption classifications and state legal tools.
An employer says a worker is an independent contractor. The law says the worker is an employee. That's misclassification, which can:
Affect a worker’s pay, protections, and benefits
Cause tax problems for both businesses and workers
Resources and Next Steps
- See a about misclassification.
- Find .
- If you’ve been misclassified, for more information. Or with the Department of Labor.
Learn About Your State's Labor Laws
Labor laws vary by state. Contact the state government for information about specific laws where you work.
- Business owners: Check out the Small Business Administration's .
- For complaints about safety issues on the road, such as being forced to drive in unsafe conditions, fill out the online or call 1-888-DOT-SAFT (1-888-368-7238).
- If you have a complaint about safety issues occurring inside a trucking building or facility, there are a variety of ways for workers to with the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA).
Workers’ Safety Rights
As an employed worker, you’re entitled to certain - especially ones that keep you safe. These include the right to:
- Be trained in a language that you understand
- Be provided with the necessary safety equipment
- Report injury or illness
- Voice your concern over unsafe working conditions without fear of retaliation
In order to improve safety in the workplace, the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) .
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtAs of January 1, 2017, certain employers are required to electronically submit injury or illness data. Doing this allows OSHA to improve enforcement of workplace safety requirements and provide valuable information online for workers, job seekers, customers, and the general public. The new rule also prohibits employers from discouraging their workers from reporting an injury or illness.can help you file a claim. If your claim is denied, you can appeal.
Longshore and Harbor Workers, Coal Miners, Nuclear Weapons Workers, and Federal Employees
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtFederal laws protect longshore and harbor workers, coal miners, nuclear weapons workers employed by the Department of Energy (DOE) or a DOE contractor, and federal employees. Contact the that applies to you for help filing a claim.for more information on wrongful termination laws in your state.
Kết quả xổ số hôm nay tốtIf you are an employer seeking information about legal termination of employees, you may wish to contact both the and your to ensure you do not violate any federal or state labor laws. You may wish to consult with a licensed attorney.
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Last Updated: November 23, 2020